5 Major Philosophers’ Ideas Translated into Matrix Morpheus Memes

What would happen if some of history’s famous philosophers were alive today and tried to spread their ideas via Internet memes?

I tried to answer this question by translating some of the major ideas of five famous philosophers into Matrix Morpheus memes.

For your amusement and education, here’s what might happen if five great philosophers took to the Interwebz.

1. Søren Kierkegaard

kierkegaard-morph

Kierkegaard

Søren Kierkegaard is widely considered to be the father of existentialism, which mostly means that he was the first Western philosopher to really hone in on the individual predicament of the suffering caused by being a finite, self-aware being in an unknowable, infinite void.

Kierkegaard was interested in the question of how an individual should navigate this predicament to realize a meaningful life and an authentic self. Ultimately, and as the meme says, he concluded that reason ought to be abandoned in favor of making a leap of religious leap of faith, and that one ought to seek a truth that can be true for oneself, not necessarily an “objective” truth, which Kierkegaard thought was inaccessible.

Kierkegaard is such a complicated and interesting philosopher, and, as with all of the philosophers in this post, he certainly can’t be summed up in a few short blurbs. I hope you’ll treat this post as a launching-off point for further research if any of these philosophers really appeal to you.

eitheror - kierkyFor more on Kierkegaard, I recommend:

  • reading his book, Either/Or: A Fragment of Lifeor other works of his (though I only recommend this for advanced students of philosophy who are well-versed in reading dense, difficult texts)

 

2. Henry David Thoreau

thoreau-morph

thoreau-300x360Henry David Thoreau was an American philosopher who is most often remembered for his experiment in simple living in which he spent two years living in a small cabin on Walden Pond, secluded from society.






Thoreau was one of the great and original American naturalists, which is apparent in his writings. He was preoccupied for much of his life with the idea that this world contains the sacred and the divine, and that our principal task is to cultivate an awareness of the beauty and sublimity all around us. He also thought we ought to disobey unjust laws, and his ideas have been influential in the domain of political theory.

waldenFor more on Thoreau, I recommend:

  • reading his book, Walden; or, Life in the Woodswhich documents Thoreau’s experiment at Walden Pond and is really quite accessible and wonderful

 

3. Friedrich Nietzsche

nietzsche-morph

nietzscheFriedrich Nietzsche was a notorious German existentialist philosopher who more or less disagreed with everyone who had come before him. He argued that existence had no inherent meaning, that humans could not gain objective knowledge, and that morality was always relative to some arbitrary set of human values.

If there’s one philosopher who can make you question everything and probably make you pretty upset, it’s Nietzsche. That’s probably why he’s tantalized rebellious young philosophy majors for so long. Nietzsche’s views might sound bleak, but ultimately, he was a deeply passionate man who felt that in spite of our existential predicament, we ought to create our own values, affirm existence, and learn to love our fate. Honestly, he’s one of my favorite philosophers.

51MX6EQMbHL._SX373_BO1,204,203,200_For more on Nietzsche, I recommend:

  • perusing The Portable Nietzsche (the Walter Kaufmann translation), which contains several of his books in full, as well as great passages and snippets from his other books and letters

 

4. Karl Marx

marx-morph

marx-300x427Karl Marx is of course an extremely famous and well-known philosopher, but in my experience, most people just associate him with Communism (usually without understanding what Communism even is) and dismiss him as the father of a failed ideology. But Marx was actually an incredibly brilliant dude.

He recognized that the capitalist/Bourgeois class lived lives of sloth and decadence while passively benefiting from the hard labor of the working/Proletariat class. And he thought that was bullshit and needed to end because he felt that everyone in a society should have equal ownership of the “means of production”—the technology or labor that produces the society’s wealth.

Conveniently, he saw history as a process moving through various economic models, characterized by class struggle, and ultimately culminating in communism. More than anything else, Marx was someone who believed in the equality of all people and wanted to change the world to reflect that truth.



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Read-Faster-with-Blinkist


communismFor more on Marx, I recommend:

 

5. Simone de Beauvoir

debeauvoir-morph
330px-Simone_de_BeauvoirSimone de Beauvoir was a French existentialist (I’m showing the existentialists a disproportionate amount of love today, I know, deal with it) who didn’t actually conceive of herself as a philosopher in her own right. She felt that her work was more or less an extension or application of the work of Jean-Paul Sartre.

Nonetheless, as time has gone on, de Beauvoir has come to be recognized (rightfully, most think) as a philosopher in her own right. She was mostly concerned with ethics, pointing out that if philosophers conceived of their work as being an intellectual exercise in a vacuum, they were ignoring their ethical responsibility to the world around them.

She felt, like Sartre, that at root everyone has absolute freedom to act, but that this freedom is restricted for many people by circumstance, authoritarian governments, etc. She felt it was everyone’s duty to contribute to the creation of a world in which all people could be absolutely free.

secondsexFor more on de Beauvoir, I recommend:

Conclusion

Let me emphasize once more that I realize I have not done justice to the complex worldviews of these philosophers.

My intention here was to give you some kind of a basic idea/mental model of what these philosophers were about, in hopes of sparking interest and giving you a launching-off point to delve into further study of philosophy.

Hopefully you found this to be both entertaining and educational.

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This post was originally published at HighExistence.








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About Jordan Bates

Jordan Bates is a creator, entrepreneur, and perpetually curious autodidact interested in just about everything. He tweets a lot. He questions all the things. He makes unusual rap songs. He wanders the globe and writes about the most vitalizing, useful, and/or world-changing insights he happens upon. He dreams of a more compassionate, cooperative global community in which every human being’s basic needs are met and in which all sentient beings are respected. Befriend him and/or get his free eBook on how to exit the world of traditional work and live a radically free life. Amor fati, humans.

  • Kronomlo

    Thanks, Jordan.
    Just need to add these to my ever-growing list of books I need to read!